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NET NEUTRALITY

The open Internet has fostered unprecedented creativity, innovation and access to knowledge and to other kinds of social, economic, cultural, and political opportunities across the globe.

Today, this open Internet is endangered by powerful service providers seeking to become gatekeepers who decide how users can access parts of the Internet. We don't want to prevent these companies from using reasonable and necessary methods to manage their networks, but these acts cannot be a pretext to eliminate openness nor to police content.

The fundamental openness of this crucial technology must be preserved, and to this end we offer the resources on this site for activists, academics, policy makers and technologists who share our vision.

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This Is Net Neutrality

Net neutrality requires that the Internet be maintained as an open platform, on which network providers treat all content, applications and services equally, without discrimination.

This Is Net Neutrality

Net neutrality requires that the Internet be maintained as an open platform, on which network providers treat all content, applications and services equally, without discrimination.

This Is Net Neutrality

Net neutrality requires that the Internet be maintained as an open platform, on which network providers treat all content, applications and services equally, without discrimination.

Status of Net Neutrality Around the World

Protections: Country has laws or regulations in place protecting Net Neutrality.
Considering protections: The country has not yet passed laws or regulations, but they are being formally considered by lawmakers or administrators.
No protections: The country has no Net Neutrality laws or regulations.
Research Pending: We are conducting further research on Net Neutrality in the country. Contact us at info@accessnow.org if you would like to contribute.

We want to make this resource as useful as possible. If you have research to contribute to the map, contact us at info@accessnow.org.

Who We Are

GLOBAL

NORTH AMERICA

SOUTH AMERICA

EUROPE

AFRICA

ASIA-PACIFIC

MIDDLE EAST / NORTH AFRICA

Access Now

Access Now

Article 19

Article 19

Electronic Frontier Foundation

Electronic Frontier Foundation

Greenpeace International

Greenpeace International

Web We Want

Web We Want

WITNESS

WITNESS

Free Press

Free Press

Open Technology Institute

Open Technology Institute

Public Knowledge

Public Knowledge

CELE

CELE

Fundación Vía Libre

Fundación Vía Libre

ONG Derechos Digitales

ONG Derechos Digitales

Venezuela Inteligente

Venezuela Inteligente

Bits of Freedom

Bits of Freedom

Digitale Gesellschaft

Digitale Gesellschaft

KICTANET

KICTANET

Digital Rights Foundation

Digital Rights Foundation

IT for Change

IT for Change

Korean Progressive Network Jinbonet

Korean Progressive Network Jinbonet

Network Neutrality User Forum of Korea

Network Neutrality User Forum of Korea

SFLC.IN

SFLC.IN

European Digital Rights

European Digital Rights

Social Media Exchange

Social Media Exchange

Asociación Colombiana de Usuarios de Internet

Asociación Colombiana de Usuarios de Internet

Data Roads Foundation

Data Roads Foundation

Initiative für Netzfreiheit

Initiative für Netzfreiheit

La Quadrature du Net

La Quadrature du Net

Just Net Coalition

Just Net Coalition

CC-META

CC-META

Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication

Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication

Internet Policy Observatory Pakistan

Internet Policy Observatory Pakistan

Internet & Digital Ecosystem Alliance

Internet & Digital Ecosystem Alliance

Xnet

Xnet

OpenMedia

OpenMedia

Acceso Libre

 Acceso Libre

Paradigm Initiative Nigeria

Paradigm Initiative Nigeria

PEN International

PEN International

Digital Defenders Partnership

Digital Defenders Partnership

Movimento MEGA

Movimento MEGA

Open Knowledge Foundation Germany

Open Knowledge Foundation Germany

Baaroo

Baaroo

Alternatif Bilisim

Alternatif Bilisim

The Heliopolis Institute

The Heliopolis Institute

Index on Censorship

Index on Censorship

Freifunk

Freifunk

Cronaca Libera

Cronaca Libera

Jordan Open Source Association

Jordan Open Source Association

Society for Knowledge Commons

Society for Knowledge Commons

Free Software Movement of India

Free Software Movement of India

International Modern Media Institute

International Modern Media Institute

CyberArabs

CyberArabs

Art 34bis

Art 34bis

Unwanted Witness

Unwanted Witness

Association des Droits Numériques

Association des Droits Numériques

Hivos

Hivos

Demokrasya

Demokrasya

wlan slovenija

wlan slovenija

Rudi International

Rudi International

Press Union of Liberia

Press Union of Liberia

Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum

Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum

Red en Defensa de los Derechos Digitales

Red en Defensa de los Derechos Digitales

Greenhost

Greenhost

Filipino Freethinkers

Filipino Freethinkers

TEDIC

TEDIC

Fundación Karisma

Fundación Karisma

Dakila

Dakila

Hiperderecho

Hiperderecho

Media Matters for Democracy

Media Matters for Democracy

EngageMedia

EngageMedia

Kaya Labs

Kaya Labs

Share Foundation

Share Foundation

CIPESA

CIPESA

I FREEDOM UGANDA

I FREEDOM UGANDA

Fight for the Future

Fight for the Future

Free Press Unlimited

Free Press Unlimited

Internet Democracy Project

Internet Democracy Project

Psiphon

Psiphon

Internauta Argentina

Internauta Argentina

Usuarios Digitales

Usuarios Digitales

Institute for Electronic Participation

Institute for Electronic Participation

The Center for Investigative Journalism

The Center for Investigative Journalism

Join Us!

We're a global coalition of organizations and users who believe that the open internet has enabled countless advances in technology, health, education, and business — and we must protect it. From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, we have to enshrine net neutrality into law so that the internet remains a platform for free expression and innovation. Join us and take action to keep the internet open!

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Want Net Neutrality in your country?

Check out the Model Network Neutrality Framework

The Model Framework on Network Neutrality was initiated by the Council of Europe and developed by the Dynamic Coalition on Network Neutrality, a multistakeholder body of the United Nations Internet Governance Forum. You can use the Framework to propose Net Neutrality rules in your country or to improve exisiting rules. Click on each button to reveal the full text.

I. What Net Neutrality is

Network Neutrality is the principle according to which Internet traffic shall be treated equally, without discrimination, restriction or interference regardless of its sender, recipient, type or content, so that Internet users’ freedom of choice is not restricted by favouring or disfavouring the transmission of Internet traffic associated with particular content, services, applications, or devices.

II. Exceptions to Net Neutrality

In accordance with the Network Neutrality principle, Internet service providers shall refrain from discriminating, restricting, or otherwise interfering with the transmission of Internet traffic, unless such interference is strictly necessary and proportionate to:

a) give effect to a legislative provision or court order;

b) preserve the integrity and security of the network, services and the Internet users' terminal equipment;

c) prevent the transmission of unsolicited communications for direct marketing purposes to Internet users who have given their prior consent to such restrictive measures;

d) comply with an explicit request from the subscriber, provided that this request is given freely and is not incentivised by the Internet service provider or its commercial partner;

e) mitigate the effects of temporary and exceptional network congestion, primarily by means of application-agnostic measures or, when these measures do not prove efficient, by means of application-specific measures.

III. Applies to all internet services, regardless of technology

The Network Neutrality principle shall apply to all Internet access services and Internet transit services offered by ISPs, regardless of the underlying technology used to transmit signals.

IV. How to treat specialised services

The Network Neutrality principle need not apply to specialised services. Internet service providers should be allowed to offer specialised services in addition to Internet access service, provided that such offerings are not to the detriment of Internet access services, or their performance, affordability, or quality. Offerings to deliver specialised services should be provided on a non-discriminatory basis and their adoption by Internet users should be.

V. Right to a unique internet address

Subscribers of Internet access service have the right to receive and use a public and globally unique Internet address.

VI. Privacy protections

Any techniques to inspect or analyse Internet traffic shall be in accordance with privacy and data protection legislation. By default, such techniques should only examine header information. The use of any technique which inspects or analyses the content of communications should be reviewed by the relevant national data protection authority to assess compliance with the applicable privacy and data protection obligations.

VII. Transparency

Internet service providers shall provide intelligible and transparent information with regard to their traffic management practices and usage polices, notably with regard to the coexistence of Internet access service and specialised services. When network capacity is shared between Internet access services and specialised services, the criteria whereby network capacity is shared, shall be clearly stated.

VIII. Enforcement

The competent national regulatory authority shall:

a) be mandated to regularly monitor and report on Internet traffic management practices and usage polices, in order to ensure Network Neutrality, evaluate the potential impact of the aforementioned practices and policies on fundamental rights, ensure the provision of a sufficient quality of service and the allocation of a satisfactory level of network capacity to the Internet. Reporting should be done in an open and transparent fashion and reports shall be made freely available to the public;

b) put in place appropriate, clear, open and efficient procedures aimed at addressing Network Neutrality complaints. To this end, all Internet users shall be entitled to make use of such complaint procedures in front of the relevant authority;

c) respond to the complaints within a reasonable time and be able to use necessary measures in order to sanction the breach of the Network Neutrality principle.

This authority must have the necessary resources to undertake the aforementioned duties in a timely and effective manner.

IX. Definitions

a) The “Internet” is the publicly accessible electronic communications network of networks that use the Internet Protocol for communication with endpoints reachable, directly or through network address translation, via a globally unique Internet address.

b) The expression “Internet service provider” refers to any legal person that offers Internet access service to the public or Internet transit service to another ISP.

c) The expression “Internet access service” refers to a publicly available electronic communications service that provides connectivity to the Internet, and thereby provides the ability to the subscriber or Internet user to receive and impart data from and to the Internet, irrespective of the underlying technology used to transmit signals.

d) The expression “Internet transit service” refers to the electronic communications service that provides connectivity between Internet service providers.

e) The expression “Internet traffic” refers to any flow of data packets transmitted through the Internet, regardless of the application or device that generated it.

​f) The expression “specialised services” refers to electronic communications services that are provided and operated within closed electronic communications networks using the Internet Protocol, but not being part of the Internet. The expression “closed electronic communications networks” refers to networks that rely on strict admission control.

g) The expression “application-agnostic” refers to Internet traffic management practices, measures and techniques that do not depend on the characteristics of specific applications, content, services, devices and uses.

h) The expression “subscriber” refers to the natural or legal person who has entered into an agreement with an Internet service provider to receiveInternet access service.

j) The expression “Internet user” refers to the natural or legal person who is using Internet access service, and in that capacity has the freedom to impart and receive information, and to use or offer applications and services through devices of their choice. The Internet user may be the subscriber, or any person to whom the subscriber has granted the right to use the Internet access service s/he receives. Any legal person offering content and/or applications on the Internet is also an Internet user.